An inherited blood disease that affects the quality and quantity of hemoglobin is called hemoglobin disorder. These diseases also affect the capacity to carry oxygen throughout the body. Hemoglobin disorders are also known as hemoglobinopathies. When the genes containing the information. There are 2 categories of hemoglobin disorders. The first type is when the gene containing the information to make hemoglobin is mutated to produce abnormal adult hemoglobin and the second type is when the structure of hemoglobin protein is changed. The severity of these diseases varies depending on the fault of globin genes. Ferritin testing, electrophoresis or high-pressure liquid chromatography are some of the relevant tests to identify hemoglobin variants.
- Track 1-1 Sickle Cell Anaemia
- Track 2-2 Chronic Anaemia
- Track 3-3 Thalassemia
- Track 4-4 Haemoglobin C Disease
- Track 5-5 Congenital Methemoglobinemia