Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

One of the fundamental elements of life is the process of respiration. Chronic respiratory diseases (CRD) are a type of chronic diseases involving the airways and various structures of the lungs. More than 300 million individuals are affected by CRD in a year. Some of the common CRDs are asthma, sleep apnea, pulmonary hypertension, respiratory allergies, etc. The risk factors of CRD are uncontrolled tobacco usage, unhealthy diet, and nutrition, air pollution, etc. Control of these factors can help in the prevention of these diseases.

  • Track 1-1Asthma
  • Track 1-2Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
  • Track 1-3Cystic Fibrosis
  • Track 1-4Chronic Bronchitis
  • Track 1-5Tuberculosis

Chronic Osteoarticular Diseases (COD) refers to the diseases related to the bones, joints, cartilages, tendons, etc. and are degenerative. Osteoarticular disorders establish one of the fundamental types of health impedance in older people. Majorly these diseases result in the reduction of motion and functions of the musculoskeletal system. The common CODs are arthritis, arthrosis, and other joint-related conditions. CODs are caused due to previous joint injuries, inheritance or abnormal limb development. Diagnosis can be done with the help of medical imaging, physical, clinical and genetic examination.

  • Track 2-1Osteoarthritis
  • Track 2-2Musculoskeletal Disorders
  • Track 2-3Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Track 2-4Osteoporosis

The conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels are called cardiovascular diseases. These diseases can lead to various forms of heart disease. A majority of cardiovascular diseases are curable if proper treatment is taken. However, the symptoms are usually the same for every disease and it may vary for men and women depending on the heart condition or type. There are acquired and inherited forms of cardiovascular diseases. These can be prevented by making changes in an individual's lifestyle in order to control blood pressure, hypertension, stress, etc.

  • Track 3-1Coronary Artery Disease
  • Track 3-2Heart Failure
  • Track 3-3Congenital Heart Disease
  • Track 3-4Atherosclerosis
  • Track 3-5Arrhythmias

Pain is the bodys typical response to physical trauma or disease. When the pain does not cease even after the injury is healed, it evolves to a condition termed as chronic pain syndrome (CPS). Usually, CPS is categorized as the pain that lasts for more than six months. In most of the cases, CPS is accompanied by depression, disability, emotional stress, etc. The common causes of CPS are autoimmune diseases, arthritis, fibromyalgia, surgical trauma, advanced cancer, etc. These syndromes are associated with the abnormalities between certain glands and the nervous system.

  • Track 4-1Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
  • Track 4-2Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
  • Track 4-3Nerve Damage
  • Track 4-4Inflammatory Bowel Syndrome
  • Track 4-5Surgical Trauma

Diabetes is a metabolic disease that uses insulin hormones to transport sugar from the blood to the cells which are to be stored or used in the form of energy. Therefore, when the body loses its ability to process blood glucose or blood sugar with the help of insulin, it leads to a condition called diabetes, which implies a high level of glucose accumulation in the body. On the other hand, obesity is a high level of accumulated body fat. Overweight, age, sedentary lifestyle, high blood pressure, hereditary, etc. are some of the risk factors of diabetes and obesity. Both genetic and environmental factors play a vital role in the diagnosis.

  • Track 5-1Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
  • Track 5-2Gestational Diabetes
  • Track 5-3Diet and Nutrition
  • Track 5-4Anti-Obesity Drugs
  • Track 5-5Advanced Treatment

When the body experiences an abnormal chemical reaction after the normal metabolic process, it leads to metabolic disorders. It is also due to the deficiencies of certain enzymes that are involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, amino acids, etc. For some individuals, the body does not have the appropriate enzymes to break down food, while others would not be receiving the nutrition required to process metabolism. These are some factors associated with metabolic disorders. In many cases, failure of the liver or pancreas can cause a metabolic disorder. Most of the metabolic disorders are genetic. They do not exhibit any type of signs or symptoms. However, they depend on the intensity and type of disorder.

  • Track 6-1Metabolic brain diseases
  • Track 6-2Calcium metabolism
  • Track 6-3DNA repair-deficiency disorders
  • Track 6-4Glucose metabolism disorders
  • Track 6-5Hypercholesterolemia

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a chronic, life-threatening disease of the immune system infected by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). The CD4 T lymphocytes of the immune system are destroyed by the HIV which makes the body prone to serious infections and conditions. AIDS is an advanced stage of HIV infection which is usually spread through physical contact, blood or any other infected liquid medium. Although AIDS doesn’t have any cure, the risk of getting diagnosed can be decreased with the help of highly effective Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). These help in boosting the immune system, resulting in an increased life expectancy.

  • Track 7-1Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  • Track 7-2Diagnosis
  • Track 7-3Transmission
  • Track 7-4Prevention and Awareness
  • Track 7-5Research and Treatment

Renal conditions that can get worse over time are termed as chronic kidney diseases (CKD). This results in the loss of kidney functions. Most of the individuals are prone to CKD. Some of the common complications might be anaemia, cardiovascular diseases, nerve damage, etc. The risk of being diagnosed with CKD increases in patients with diabetes, hypertension, and a history of kidney diseases. CKD involves 5 stages, starting from stage 1 which is mild kidney damage to stage 5 which is complete kidney damage. CKDs can be prevented by bringing changes to an individual’s lifestyle, dietary habits, limiting alcohol consumption, etc. Urine tests, eGFR, and blood pressure analysis are some common diagnostic methods to detect CKD.

  • Track 8-1Kidney stones
  • Track 8-2Glomerulonephritis
  • Track 8-3Polycystic kidney disease
  • Track 8-4Urinary tract infections
  • Track 8-5Renal Failure

The liver is a vital organ which is responsible for metabolism, detoxification, energy storage, digestion, and many more tasks. Any sort of disturbances to these functions leads to liver diseases which results in liver damage. Liver disease is also known as hepatic disease. Liver diseases can be caused by viruses, drugs, high alcohol consumption, genetics, poison, etc. Hepatitis is the most common type of viral liver disease in which the liver cells are inflamed due to the infection. Liver function tests, blood tests, ultrasound imaging, liver biopsy are some of the diagnostic methods to detect liver diseases. Hepatic diseases can be treated depending on the causative agent or criteria.

  • Track 9-1Chronic Hepatitis
  • Track 9-2Liver Cirrhosis
  • Track 9-3Liver enlargement
  • Track 9-4Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • Track 9-5Wilson disease

The conditions affecting the entire neurological pathway or a single neuron of the nervous system are called neurological disorders. It affects the central and peripheral nervous systems. Usually, many viral, bacterial, parasitic, and fungal infections affect the nervous system. The symptoms of neurological disorders may be due to the immune response or due to the infection itself. There are more than 600 types of neurological disorders with different causes, complications, and results. The causes of these diseases are characterized by congenital causes, perinatal causes, and acquired causes. Many of the disorders are congenital or develop in the early years. In many cases, neurological disorders cannot be cured. However, certain treatments can help in controlling the symptoms.

  • Track 10-1Depression
  • Track 10-2Multiple Sclerosis
  • Track 10-3Stroke
  • Track 10-4Alzheimers disease
  • Track 10-5Parkinsons disease

The thyroid gland is responsible for the production of various hormones used to regulate the bodys metabolism. Thyroxine and triiodothyronine are the two major hormones made by the thyroid. When the thyroid gland is affected due to different conditions, it leads to thyroid diseases and it is very common in individuals. There are a wide variety of thyroid diseases ranging from goiter to cancer. The most common thyroid disease occurs due to the abnormal production of thyroid hormones. Thyroid diseases can be diagnosed with the help of biopsy, ultrasound, blood tests, and radioiodine scanning. All thyroid diseases can be treated by bringing the hormone levels back to normal.

  • Track 11-1Hypothyroidism
  • Track 11-2Hyperthyroidism
  • Track 11-3Goiter
  • Track 11-4Thyroid Cancer
  • Track 11-5Hashimotos Thyroiditis

An inherited blood disease that affects the quality and quantity of hemoglobin is called hemoglobin disorder. These diseases also affect the capacity to carry oxygen throughout the body. Hemoglobin disorders are also known as hemoglobinopathies. When the genes containing the information. There are 2 categories of hemoglobin disorders. The first type is when the gene containing the information to make hemoglobin is mutated to produce abnormal adult hemoglobin and the second type is when the structure of hemoglobin protein is changed. The severity of these diseases varies depending on the fault of globin genes. Ferritin testing, electrophoresis or high-pressure liquid chromatography are some of the relevant tests to identify hemoglobin variants.

  • Track 12-1Sickle Cell Anaemia
  • Track 12-2Chronic Anaemia
  • Track 12-3Thalassemia
  • Track 12-4Haemoglobin C Disease
  • Track 12-5Congenital Methemoglobinemia

When a cell or a group of cells undergoes uncontrollable division or growth, it leads to cancer and might spread to other parts of the body. These can damage and immune system and other conditions that can be fatal. Cancer can occur in any part of the body. The most common type of cancer in women is breast cancer and in men is prostate cancer. Some types of cancers are benign and they are called tumors while other types are malignant. Some of the risk factors of cancer are smoking, excess alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, etc. Some of the causes are preventable. However, appropriate medications and treatment can help in controlling cell growth.

  • Track 13-1Leukaemia
  • Track 13-2Lung Cancer
  • Track 13-3Ovarian Cancer
  • Track 13-4Breast Cancer
  • Track 13-5Prostate Cancer

Infectious diseases can be easily spread by direct or indirect contact, insect bites, contaminated food or water and is caused by pathogenic microorganisms. The major carriers or infectious diseases are bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. These diseases show a wide range of symptoms. Some diseases show asymptomatic signs while others can be fatal. The pathogenic microorganisms alter or destroy the bodys immune system resulting in severe conditions. Currently, infectious diseases are the leading cause of death in the world. However, new approaches to treat these diseases are implemented. Vaccinations, maintaining a hygienic condition, food safety, etc. are some of the common measures to avoid getting infected.

  • Track 14-1Pathophysiology
  • Track 14-2Viral Infection
  • Track 14-3Bacterial Infection
  • Track 14-4Fungal Infection
  • Track 14-5Parasitic Infection

Every 7 out of 10 individuals are affected by chronic diseases. Epidemiology is the study of the transmission of various diseases, studying its causes, insights and wellbeing aspects in a particular population. Epidemiology of chronic diseases includes both biological and social consequences on the vulnerability of the diseases, the genetic influence on the risk factors, etc. Although epidemiology is widely accepted in health care programs, its part in chronic disease is not yet reached well. This is due to the lack of understanding of basic chronic disease epidemiology functions. Epidemiology helps in the management of individuals already affected by diseases. The information obtained through these studies is used in evaluating and planning strategies to prevent and control diseases.

  • Track 15-1Methodology
  • Track 15-2Biostatistics
  • Track 15-3Promotion and Prevention
  • Track 15-4Treatment and Management
  • Track 15-5Vaccination

Clinical trials are research studies where researchers test for new treatment options, preventive methods or interventions to diagnose, treat and manage various medical conditions. These are medical, surgical, and behavioral research investigations executed on human volunteers which are designed to provide favorable outcomes. There are 2 major types of clinical trials namely interventional and observational. Appropriate regulatory authorities closely supervise studies involving medical or therapeutic interventions on people. Clinical trials for various chronic diseases are administered for assessing more than one medication. There are 4 phases of clinical trials.

  • Track 16-1Pilot and feasibility studies
  • Track 16-2Screening trials
  • Track 16-3Prevention trials
  • Track 16-4Treatment trials
  • Track 16-5Cross sectional studies

Medical diagnosis is performed to detect the diseases with the help of any signs and symptoms. Diagnosis is usually a better way for patient care. Over the years, the diagnosing criteria for chronic diseases have been steadily growing. An early diagnosis is important for the management of chronic diseases. Therapeutics includes various pharmacological and medical device-based techniques. The global market brings innovations for the treatment of chronic diseases. One such advancement is the digital therapeutics where treatments are offered through digital devices like phones, apps, sensors, etc. Online programs help patients bring changes to their illness through text messages and other digital facilities.

  • Track 17-1Alternative medicine
  • Track 17-2Acupuncture
  • Track 17-3Naturopathic medicine
  • Track 17-4Artificial Intelligence
  • Track 17-5Imaging