Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Chronic Diseases are long-term medical conditions that are generally progressive. Chronic diseases, such as Heart Disease, Diabetes, Stroke, Asthma,  Cancer, Chronic Respiratory Diseases, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertension, Lipid Disorders. At present, these are the major causes of disability and death globally, representing 60% of all deaths. Chronic diseases generally cannot be prevented by vaccines or cured by medication, nor do they just disappear. Health damaging behaviors - particularly tobacco use, lack of physical activity, and poor eating habits - are major contributors to the leading chronic diseases. Chronic diseases tend to become more common with age. Adopting healthy lifestyle practices such as a healthy diet, regular physical activity, and avoiding tobacco use can prevent or control the onset of debilitating and expensive complications of chronic diseases.

  • Track 1-1Challenges in Chronic Illness
  • Track 1-2Epidemiology and Methodology
  • Track 1-3Promotion and Prevention of Chronic Diseases
  • Track 1-4Treatment and Care of Chronic Diseases
  • Track 1-5Therapies and vaccination for Chronic Diseases

The study of disease transmission is investigating the causes, insights and wellbeing impacts of sickness conditions in a specific populace. Epidemiology is the study (scientific, systematic, and data-driven) of the distribution (frequency, pattern) and determinants (causes, risk factors) of health-related states and events in specified populations (neighbourhood, school, city, state, country, global). It acts as a guide to the management of patients in whom disease has already developed. Epidemiological information is used to plan and evaluate strategies to prevent illness and to control health problems.

  • Track 2-1Demarcation of Epidemiology
  • Track 2-2Approach and Methodology
  • Track 2-3Aging and Disease
  • Track 2-4Free Radical Theory of Aging
  • Track 2-5Gender Differences in Longevity
  • Track 2-6Epidemologic Transition
  • Track 2-7Epidemiology and Medicine

Endless respiratory ailments are ceaseless infections of the aviation routes and different parts of the lung. Probably the most widely recognized are asthma, constant obstructive pneumonic illness (COPD), lung malignancy, cystic fibrosis, rest apnea and word related lung infections. Respiratory illnesses influence all ages-kids, high schoolers, grown-ups and seniors. The greater part of these ailments are perpetual in nature and all have a noteworthy effect on the person with the sickness, as well as on the family, the group, and the social insurance framework. CRDs are not reparable, however treatment may enhance shortness of breath and control side effects and increment the personal satisfaction for individuals with the ailment.

  • Track 3-1Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease
  • Track 3-2Chronic Rhinosinusitis
  • Track 3-3Hypersensitivity pneumonitis
  • Track 3-4Asthma
  • Track 3-5Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases

Osteoarticular disorder or rheumatic disease is a group of conditions like arthrosis, arthritis and related musculoskeletal disorders. Rheumatic diseases refers to various painful medical conditions which affect joints, bones, cartilage, tendons, ligaments and muscles, consequent reduction in the range of motion and function in one or more areas of the musculoskeletal system. The origin of most osteoarticular disorders is inflammatory in nature. Treatment of active inflammations is based on the use of medications that oppose this process, helping to control the symptoms. Therefore, inflammation control is a crucial therapeutic objective for patients affected by these disorders.

  • Track 4-1Osteoarthritis
  • Track 4-2Musculoskeletal Disorders
  • Track 4-3Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Track 4-4Osteoporosis

Neurodegenerative disease is a term for a range of conditions which primarily affect the neurons in the human brain. Neurons are the building blocks of the nervous system which includes the brain and spinal cord. Neurons normally don’t reproduce or replace themselves, so when they become damaged or die they cannot be replaced by the body. Neurodegenerative diseases are incurable and debilitating conditions that result in progressive degeneration and / or death of nerve cells. This causes problems with movement or mental functioning.

  • Track 5-1Alzheimers disease
  • Track 5-2Lewy body disease
  • Track 5-3Spinal muscular atrophy
  • Track 5-4Huntingtons disease
  • Track 5-5Friedreichs ataxia
  • Track 5-6Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
  • Track 5-7Parkinsons disease

Cardiovascular disease includes conditions that affect the structures or function of your heart, such as Coronary artery disease (narrowing of the arteries), Heart attack ,Abnormal heart rhythms, or arrhythmias, Heart failure, Heart valve disease, Congenital heart disease, Heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy), Pericardial disease, Aorta disease and Marfan syndrome, Vascular disease. Cardiovascular illnesses are the main source of death.

  • Track 6-1Rheumatic Heart Disease
  • Track 6-2Cerebrovascular Disease
  • Track 6-3Ischemic Cardiopathy
  • Track 6-4Congenital Heart Disease

Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. Body mass index (BMI) is a simple index of weight-for-height that is commonly used to classify overweight and obesity in adults. Obesity affects your health. It causes some conditions such as High blood pressure, Heart disease and stroke, Type 2 diabetes, High cholesterol, Joint problems caused by extra weight, Trouble breathing, and Gallstones.

  • Track 7-1Childhood Obesity
  • Track 7-2Genetic Link of Obesity
  • Track 7-3Consequences of Obesity on Cancer

Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose is too high. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy. Sometimes your body doesn’t make enough or any insulin or doesn’t use insulin well. Glucose then stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells. Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause health problems. Although diabetes has no cure, you can take steps to manage your diabetes and stay healthy. The most common types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Type 1-your body does not make insulin. Your immune system attacks and destroys the cells in your pancreas that make insulin. Type 2- your body does not use insulin well. It is the most common type of diabetes. Gestational diabetes develops in some women when they are pregnant. Most of the time, this type of diabetes goes away after the baby is born.

  • Track 8-1Diabetic Neuropathy
  • Track 8-2Exercise and Diabetes
  • Track 8-3Gestational Diabetes
  • Track 8-4Types of Diabetes
  • Track 8-5Role of Insulin in Diabetes
  • Track 8-6Diabetic ketoacidosis

Cancer is also called as malignancy is the abnormal growth of the cell in the body spread to the all over body parts. Main signs for the cancer are unexplained weight loss, abnormal bleeding, lump, and change in bowel movements. There are more than 100 cancers that effects human often. Many cancers can be prevented by not drinking the alcohol, not smoking, eating vegetables and vaccination. Cancer can be treated by using chemotherapy, surgery, radiation therapy and targeted therapy.

  • Track 9-1Pathogenesis of the cancer
  • Track 9-2Dysplasia
  • Track 9-3Invasive Cancer
  • Track 9-4Metastatic cancer
  • Track 9-5Cancer treatment

Medical diagnosis is the process of determining which disease or condition explains a person's symptoms and signs. Diagnosis is often challenging, because many signs and symptoms are nonspecific. A diagnosis, in the sense of diagnostic procedure, can be regarded as an attempt at classification of an individual's condition into separate and distinct categories that allow medical decisions about treatment and prognosis to be made. Diagnostic tests improve patient care, contribute to the protection of consumer health, and help to limit healthcare spending.

  • Track 10-1Laboratory Diagnosis
  • Track 10-2Radiology Diagnosis
  • Track 10-3Clinical Diagnosis
  • Track 10-4Medical Tehnologies

Hypertension also called as high blood pressure. Blood pressure is the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your arteries. Hypertension mainly causes of abnormal blood pressure. High blood pressure usually does not have any symptoms. Hypertension is the risk factor for heart failure, chronic kidney disease, stroke, and coronary artery disease and vision loss. Lifestyle factors that cause the hypertension are excess body weight, excess salt and alcohol.             

  • Track 11-1Older Age and Hypertension
  • Track 11-2Hypertension of pregnancy
  • Track 11-3Salt, Alcohol and hypertension
  • Track 11-4Obesity and Hypertension
  • Track 11-5Tobacco and Hypertension

Nephropathy means kidney disease or damage. Kidneys are the organs that filter waste products from the blood. They are also involved in regulating blood pressure, electrolyte balance, and red blood cell production in the body. Symptoms of kidney failure are due to the build-up of waste products and excess fluid in the body that may cause weakness, shortness of breath, lethargy, swelling, and confusion. Inability to remove potassium from the bloodstream may lead to abnormal heart rhythms and sudden death. Initially kidney failure may cause no symptoms. High blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetic nephropathy, IgA nephropathy are the complications of kidney.

  • Track 12-1Diabetic Nephropathy
  • Track 12-2Blood Lipids & Cholesterol
  • Track 12-3Chronic Glomerulonephritis
  • Track 12-4End stage renal disease
  • Track 12-5Bergers disease

Thyroid disease is said to be the condition that affects the thyroid gland. Thyroid diseases are four types, hypothyroidism (low function) caused by not having enough thyroid hormones; hyperthyroidism (high function) caused by having too much thyroid hormones; structural abnormalities, most commonly an enlargement of the thyroid gland; and tumors which can be benign or cancerous. Main causes of the thyroid disease are muscle cramps, weight gain, slow movement and tiredness. Thyroid diseases can be diagnosed by biopsy, ultrasound and radioiodine scanning.

  • Track 13-1Goiter
  • Track 13-2Thyroid Neoplasm
  • Track 13-3Thyroid Nodules
  • Track 13-4Graves Disease

Cirrhosis of the liver is a condition in which liver does not function properly. It is mainly caused by the alcohol, non- alcoholic fatty liver disease, hepatitis B and hepatitis C.  Cirrhosis blocks the blood flow through the liver and stops the processing of drugs, naturally produced toxins, hormones and nutrients. It will also stop the production of proteins and other substances.

  • Track 14-1Complications of Cirrhosis
  • Track 14-2Pathogenesis of Cirrhosis of Liver
  • Track 14-3Prevention of Hepatitis

A number of chronic human illnesses are triggered, either directly or indirectly, by microorganisms. Among these are diseases that many scientists never suspected of having an infectious etiology, including peptic ulcer disease, brought on by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, and cervical cancer, a condition caused by a human papilloma virus (HPV). Numerous host factors and microbial factors have been found to come into play in determining the outcome of infections with the pathogens that trigger these diseases. Research on chronic infectious diseases can incorporate many different elements, including medical, microbiological, epidemiological, and genetic components.

  • Track 15-1Microbial Endocrinology
  • Track 15-2Microbe Driven Signal in Diseases
  • Track 15-3Cervical Cancer-HPV
  • Track 15-4HIV
  • Track 15-5HBV

When you have an autoimmune disorder, your immune system does not distinguish between healthy tissue and antigens. As a result, the body sets off a reaction that destroys normal tissues. The exact cause of autoimmune disorders is unknown. One theory is that some microorganisms (such as bacteria or viruses) or drugs may trigger changes that confuse the immune system. This may happen more often in people who have genes that make them more prone to autoimmune disorders. An autoimmune disorder may result in the destruction of body tissue, abnormal growth of an organ, changes in organ function.

  • Track 16-1Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Track 16-2Autoimmune Disease in Women
  • Track 16-3Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
  • Track 16-4Hashimotos Disease
  • Track 16-5Addisons Disease

Depression caused by chronic disease often makes the condition worse, especially if the illness causes pain and fatigue or it limits a person's ability to interact with others. The combination of chronic illness and depression might lead you to isolate yourself, which is likely to make the depression even worse. Research on chronic illnesses and depression indicates that depression rates are high among patients with chronic conditions. Mental health is important at every stage of life.

  • Track 17-1Depression
  • Track 17-2Stress Hormones
  • Track 17-3Mental Treatment
  • Track 17-4Mental Disorder

The immune system plays a major role in health and disease. The immune system has a central role in many processes involving chronic diseases. Immunological research involving cancer, metabolic syndrome, heart diseases, and others has not only enabled the understanding of the mechanisms that underlie these diseases but also suggested new therapies that may impact positively on patients minimizing morbidity and mortality. This special issue aims to present and discuss the advancement of research and innovative therapies involving molecular targets associated with the immune system and chronic diseases as well as the possibility of involving communicable diseases and chronic emerging. Understanding the cellular, molecular and functional changes to the immune system in chronic diseases, will lead to the design of chronic disease prevention, treatment and management strategies.

  • Track 18-1Prevention
  • Track 18-2Immunological Research
  • Track 18-3Immunopathology

There are a few hazard variables for chronic diseases: age, , tobacco utilize, physical dormancy, inordinate liquor utilization, unfortunate eating regimen, heftiness, family history of cardiovascular ailment, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, psychosocial elements, neediness and low instructive status, and air contamination. While the individual commitment of every hazard figure fluctuates between various groups or ethnic gatherings the general commitment of these hazard elements is exceptionally steady. Some of these hazard variables, for example, age, sex or family history, hereditary, are permanent; in any case, numerous critical cardiovascular hazard components are modifiable by way of life change, social change, medicate treatment and avoidance of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes.

  • Track 19-1Occupational Risks and Vulnerability
  • Track 19-2Allergens
  • Track 19-3Genetics

Environmental approaches - Providing opportunities, support, and cues to help people develop healthier behaviours through policy and changes to physical and social environments.

  • Track 20-1Healthy environment and behaviour
  • Track 20-2Physical Activity
  • Track 20-3Healthy food
  • Track 20-4Wellness Programs